“Sola Scriptura. Genesis Interpretation, Christliche Anthropologie und Feminismus im Viktorianischen Amerika (‘Genesis Interpretation, Christian Anthropology and Feminism in Victorian America’)”
Kreutziger-Herr, Annette. “Sola Scriptura. Genesis Interpretation, Christliche Anthropologie und Feminismus im Viktorianischen Amerika (‘Genesis Interpretation, Christian Anthropology and Feminism in Victorian America’),” Pages 101–21 in Glaube und Geschlecht: Fromme Frauen—Spirituelle Erfahrungen—Religiöse Traditionen (‘Faith and Gender: Pious Women—Spiritual Experiences—Religious Traditions’). Edited by Ruth Albrecht, Annette Bühler-Dietrich, and Florentine Strzelczyk. Cologne, Weimar, Vienna: Böhlau Verlag, 2008.
In a German anthology of articles about pious women, spiritual experiences and religious traditions, this is a brief examination of feminism and the quest for gender equality in the USA in the 19th century, particularly in rejection of interpretations of the second biblical creation story which were thought to justify male dominance and female subservience. Kreutziger-Herr considers the importance of both Darwin and the Bible in America at that time, and then outlines the influence of such prominent feminists as Sarah Grimké, Julia E. Smith, Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton. One sub-section devotes particular attention to Mary Baker Eddy, whose unique interpretation of the spirituality of divine creation undergirds the religion and the church which she founded, in which women and men are equal.